DRUG ADDICTION AND DRUG ABUSE

Drug abuse and addiction are a major burden to the society. The Estimates of the total overall costs of  drug and substance abuse in the United States, including health, and crime-related costs as well as losses in productivity, exceed half a trillion dollars annually. This includes approximately $182 billion for illicit drugs, $169 billion for tobacco, and $186 billion for alcohol. As these numbers are increasing, however, they do not fully describe the breadth of deleterious public health and safety implications, which include family disintegration, loss of employment, failure in school, domestic violence, child abuse, and other crimes.

Drug addiction is a complex brain disease. It is characterized by compulsive, at times uncontrollable, drug craving, seeking, and use that persist even in the face of extremely negative consequences.

Drugs that either depress or stimulate the central nervous system have long been used for non-medical reasons. Depressants include all sedatives and hypnotics such as barbiturates and benzodiazepines (minor tranquilizers). These are usually taken by mouth, but can be injected. The main stimulants are amphetamines or their derivatives and cocaine, a natural component of the leaves of the coca plant. Amphetamines can be taken by mouth or injected; cocaine is either injected or inhaled through the nose. One form of cocaine (freebase, or crack) is generally smoked.

Alcohol abuse is a depressant drug that reduces social inhibitions and relaxes. Alcohol is produced by the fermentation of fruits, vegetables or grains. Alcoholic drinks consist mainly of water and ethanol or ethyl alcohol in varying strengths.

Alcohol is absorbed very rapidly into the blood stream from the stomach lining, in as short a time as 5 to 10 minutes and it’s effects last for several hours depending on the amount and how quickly it was consumed.

Women absorb alcohol faster than men because their bodies contain less water. The water dilutes the alcohol and so the same amount of alcohol will produce a higher concentration in the blood.

Women absorb alcohol faster than men.
53.9% of 8th graders have tried alcohol.
73.0% of 10th graders have tried alcohol.
81.77% of 12th grades have tried alcohol.

False positive drug screen result is a major problem. According to a report by the Los Angeles Times New Service, a study of 161 prescription and over the counter medications showed that 65 of them produced false positive results in the most widely administered urine test. Inaccurate urine drug testing which can report false positive drug test results has been called an “epidemic”.

Dronabinol, Ibuprofen, Ketoprofen, Kidney infection, Liver Disease, Naproxen, romethazine, riboflavin are the conditions which cause false positive drug tests.

Call toll free 1-888-237-3445 or write to info@drugalcoholtest.com for details regarding drug and alcohol testing methods.

Drug Test Your Teen

Every parent has a right to worry about their children.  They relate a lot to the influence of the drug culture on their kids; however, the dilemma is between trust and safety.

The step to helping out the child or loved one to combat a drug problem or addiction would not be to have a huge gathering of the family discuss and make them scared about getting tested. Rather, an intervention can be pretty effective like you say I pee and test my sample you give me the sample and I will show you how to test.  You tell them it is nothing offensive and Teen Drug Test is real healthy.  When you drug test your teen or when you are having him/her involved for the teen drug test for the first time you can make the experience pretty cool and casual rather than drug test teen like you are with a culprit.

In cases where the test is going to be positive you might not be able to accept; however, you must be prepared to be open Minded, you must show compassion, avoid anger and confrontation you must listen to the child and think about what next.
If after repeated measures to discuss drug abuse with your son or daughter does not succeed, bringing in outside help might be beneficial in cased of having them involved in rehabilitation. Denial is often a main problem for people that have substance abuse problems regardless of teens or adults; however some might not agree because they are egoistic about it.
If they would deny giving a sample since they are not using drugs or alcohol, you might want to have them evaluated by a healthcare professional as a part of their annual well health check up.  Remember to show concern for your child’s condition should not make him feel punished and dissected like a specimen. There are many treatment centers all over the country and it should be very easy to find one that suits your child’s current situation and demands.
Drug home teen test are sold to parents over the internet. If they disagree to the lab you can test from home.  Seek out with other parents that have been in the same situation to help your self psychologically. It might seem like the end of the world first when you find that your child is doing drugs, but getting them on the first steps toward recovery can give you some real hope.
Call toll free 1-888-237-3445 or write to info@drugalcoholtest.com for details regarding drug testing products.

Teen Drug Tests

The thing that can help put off children from initiating drug use is by initiating teenage drug testing, which is one of the a prevention plan; however, some children that have a tendency to experiment can dare to know what it is actually like even if they are drug tested.  It can also help to make out children who started to drugs plus those children who have become dependent, in a way to have them referred to treatment at the most appropriate time. Student drug testing programs are developed locally in a way to be specifically tailored to the needs of the community and are non-punitive programs.

The Random Testing kids for drugs meeting will address important legal problems and growth issues. These days it is serve enough as an foreword for schools that should be attempting more in a way to learn about student drug testing. High point attendees will also learn about the newly created Student Drug Testing Institute. Launched in September, the SDT Institute is designed to assist schools and school districts in implementing teen drug testing programs and to present technical support for accessible programs.

Firstly it is important to know that as a parent/guardian YOU ARE NOT ALONE … The main issue about teen drug abuse is affecting lot of parents today. Teenagers are particularly vulnerable to the pressure to experiment with illegal substances and extended drug use can have a large number of negative things on adolescent people at a both psychological and physical level.

At home, testing kids for drugs will put an end to drug use before it initiates. Your child might feel harmed or they might be disappointed by your decision, but still if it is made with their best interests in mind. A good drug testing policy that fits in random and periodic drug testing can help to guarantee an adolescent that is drug-free. Nowadays, it is difficult to place your child in a platform where there is no drugs, but early with the help of teen drug tests they will guarantee for a brighter future, happy, and healthy life. The time, effort, and money are worth it when weighed against your child’s future.

Teenage drug testing help you notice that your teen is using drugs.  There is a lot of ways to stop it. Over ruling is the best way to end your child’s drug use and get them with the help they need. While it is certainly a difficult situation to navigate, stepping in and helping your child beat their drug problem is the first step in the right direction for their bright future.

Call toll free 1-888-237-3445 or write to info@drugalcoholtest.com for details regarding portable breathalyzers.

Drug Test My Teen

Drug tests for kids are normally managed by contracted medical professionals who pick children randomly from a database and come on a said day for testing on the campus.  They ask children to give urine samples for test after calling them out of the class. They could be escorted to the nurse’s workplace, for example, but the students are permitted privacy while giving the sample. The parents, students and school officials are notified of the results of the test. Drug testing for kids sample identifies if a child is using drugs, in most cases the student is referred for counseling. Children that are abusive usually withdraw from all extracurricular activities and privileges.

The drug testing for children is too hard to complete & it is still difficult to write about it.  To have them through some procedures that cannot be considered as essential to therapy is more complicated, particularly they start feeling irritable and seem hateful. An experienced must be explaining to them about the importance of drug testing in a way they feel agreeable with it.

There are many limitations that is complex in drug testing for your teen drugs. For example, the test will come up negative, if someone is using a drug not being tested for through the panel.  The test will probable come up drug-free if it’s been 48 to 72 hours since the student last used. And the test will not be able to detect drugs, if the sample is contaminated. Also prescription drugs can interfere with tests.
An knowledgeable person says ,“Just drinking two half-liter bottles of plain water will dilute the urine so much that it’ll drive detection of substances below detection level,”.
False sense of security:
“The results of drug tests are in detail so untrustworthy”, state some parents. They fear that others will actually gain a false sense of precautions from knowing their schools test.
Mrs. XXX, mother says she knows from experience that drug test my teen age son is far from dependable, who is now 19 and sober, from the middle school itself he started doing drugs. “My son was using marijuana regularly by eighth position and went on to cocaine, crack and heroin,” stated Mrs. XXX, in the Parent Advisory council.  She is the one of the member. During his drug use, Mrs. XXX says her son was being randomly tested with too little benefit.
Experienced counselors and therapists direct parents to test children on a weekly basis, by selecting a day to carry out the drug tests.
Call toll free 1-888-237-3445 or write to info@drugalcoholtest.com for details regarding drug and alcohol testing methods in a school environment.

Sports Drug Testing

The World Anti Doping Agency was established in 1999 to fight banned drugs that are utilized in professional sports. Sports drug testing examines and provides strict &hard regulations. There are thirty-three recognized WADA labs that are currently operating in the world. In the United States it has two labs, one in the Los Angeles and the other at the University of Utah.
The sports drug testing science can fail at times due to doping. For instance, scientists have not until far been industrial enough to test the illegal point of human growth hormone always.  The athletes inject steroids to build muscle naturally by stimulating the pituitary gland, this is done in a way to beat the system and some athletes had to actually find a way to get away with this. They were able to be successful because they are not tested every day, and if they are following the right doping techniques, a drug would not show up.

On one hand, the drug testing professional athletes that are positive refuse the charges imposed on them. On the other hand, the testers that test stand by their results.  Drug testing in sports is pretty forensic-tight. The molecular level to find the answers that make the testing technology to go down deep and pretty costly

Addictive athletes look dropping down like flies. This week a tennis player Mr. XXX tests positive, another professional athlete would be leaving the game after he/she tested positive for cocaine, and another sporty Mr. YYYY stepped down for a positive and he was suspended from competing for two years due to a doping violation.  We hear news everyday and all the laws is still not enough to keep them under control.

A lot of the Drug testing in athlete targets the performance enhancing drugs.  Drug testing in athlete includes common offense like artificial testosterone that athletes take to build physique and erythropoietin that assembles stamina by increasing the number of red blood cells to metabolize oxygen.  Stimulants such as cocaine as well as alcohol are on WADA’s banned list too
The labs work as chemical sleuths using a scientific sorter technique called chromatography to catch the drugs. Chemists can break down a mixture into its parts based on their molecular weight, acidity, or tendency to dissolve in water.  They run a sample over a column packed with a material, such as silica, a finely crushed glass that interacts with the mixture to separate it.  Molecules identify themselves by the time they take to pass through the column. Technicians then find the mass of each molecule. Together, these two measurements serve as a fingerprint for a drug
Sensitive testing will be able to tell the difference among testosterone made synthetically or in the body by looking at the carbon assembly. However, the first step to all of this is the preliminary immunoassay.

Call toll free 1-888-237-3445 or write to info@drugalcoholtest.com for details regarding drug and alcohol testing methods in a sports environment.

Effects of PCP Drug Abuse

Phencyclidine (phenylcyclohexylpiperidine) commonly initialized as PCP is a disseminative drug, which means that by consuming this drug mind feels separated from the body. PCP was illegally manufactured in labs and sold out in form of tablets from 1950s. According to survey conducted by National Drug Control, more than 187 million children age 12 and older have abused PCP at least once in their past life. PCP abuse causes many negative psychological effects and due to these effects, it was never approved for human use.

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DRUG TEST ON ATHLETES

When athletes are called for drug tests on athletes they are sure that are drug test will happen, they will prepare for it and thereby they will neutralize the effects of drug testing with respect to detecting the use of performance enhancing drugs and/or detecting masking agents.

For drug testing athletes two ways of preparation of the sample is done:
•    A year-round short notice
•    No-notice testing

Year-round short-notice and no-notice testing are the pretty effective means to test the use of training drugs since they make athletes at risk to be tested.  Some countries claim to have achieved successful no-notice testing with good results.
The drug testing of athletes process starts begins with taking a urine sample. This may sound simple; however, it is a big process has to be undergone for this. We might think about why we do not use blood for testing as a substitute for urine. There are many reasons for not being able to use the blood for testing.  No real headache in sample collection of urine and no pin prick pains and paramedics.
Once the drug testing on athletes is initiated the athlete is required for drug testing, they will be notified by an official and they will be required to sign an acknowledgement.  The training station is particularly designed as a mobile testing unit, independent of sampling officers.  Each of the officers will carry a time limited ID card with a letter of authority for the event to which they are allotted. This is done to prevent athletes bribe the officers.
The drug testing in athletes is permitted is numbered bottles, before they give the urine the athlete will have to fill a form and they will have to declare the consumption of drug a week before.  It can include prescription drugs and other drugs if any.  After the independent sampling officer interviews to find the athlete in question, it is unlikely that the testing remains a surprise since by the way they react to the forms most details will be predictable and the guilt will be confirmed by positive or positive for adulterated sample.
Correct storage of samples is pretty important after the tests. As part of sports doping policy, the urine is not refrigerated or frozen until it reaches the lab. After all these procedures in the lab, if the test is going to be positive, it proves that the athlete has consumed the drug and a report with appropriate reasons and specifications of the drug are submitted. Before reporting confirmatory tests are done on the sample.
Call toll free 1-888-237-3445 or write to info@drugalcoholtest.com for details regarding drug test on athletes.

ATHLETE DRUG TEST

Athletes drug test is done to make sure that training is the best way to victory and in a way to detect abuse, but they also get the message that some drugs and other practices can help them to boost their efforts and give them a shortcut, even if they understand they risk their health and their athletic career if they get caught, they go ahead with it..

Athletes are pretty much willing to take any preparation that would improve their performance and fames. It is seen that the usage of drugs has increased since 1960’s. In Seoul Olympics in 1988, sprinter Ben Johnson tested positive for anabolic steroids and he was ripped of his gold medal. Athletes might also misuse drugs to relax, in a way to cope with stress or in a way to boost their own confidence.

Athletes would have many reasons for using performance boosting drugs. An athlete might prefer to build the strength of their muscles and bones in away to increase the oxygen delivery to the tissues and to relax themselves and boost up their confidence in a way to hide the usage of other drugs etc, all at their own risks.

The athlete drug test can be done in several ways; however, for most drug testing on athletes the majority of the drugs that are being used by the athletes are detected in samples of urine. An athlete that is told by a drug control officer to submit a urine sample for testing would be giving the sample and the sample will be sent to a laboratory for analysis and the results will be reported back to the governing athletic agency. However, for some substances, blood samples might be required. The basic test is immunoassay using test strips.

Drug test on athletes is confirmed with Gas chromatography and mass spectrometry These tests are done on urine and blood samples. In gas chromatography, when the sample is analyzed, the retention time is reported or plotted to create a chromatogram. In mass spectrometry, samples are blown apart with an electron beam and the fragments are accelerated down a long magnetic tube to a detector. Each substance will have a unique “fingerprint” in the mass spectrometer.

Standard samples are run for detection and quantification of drugs in the urine/blood samples in both the methods.

Although there is too meager statistical proof on how widespread doping is, athletes and coaches stress that most competitors do not take drugs; however, they do not listen to it. Nonetheless, drug testing is becoming an increasingly integral part of sports competitions due to such an air of disobedience. As more and more performance-enhancing drugs are developed drug tests for athletes and the battle to keep sports clean continues.

Call toll free 1-888-237-3445 or write to info@drugalcoholtest.com for details regarding portable breathalyzers.

BREATHALYZERS

The Blood Alcohol Content (BAC) is estimated using Breathalyzer tests with a device called breathalyzer. A number of breathalyzers are available to estimate the concentration of blood in a human’s body and it is called as blood alcohol content or blood alcohol concentration. The BAC is usually measured in terms of mass per volume or mass per mass. Home breathalyzers are one of the best choices in working towards achieving sobriety and if you buy a breathalyzer you can estimate the levels just before you drink. A quick way will be to buy breathalyzer from an online store and the product will be delivered to your home.

Due to the variations in weight, sex and body fat, the number of drinks taken is a poor measure of BAC. The intake from being sober versus one standard drink of alcohol will increase the average person’s BAC roughly by 0.002 to 0.005%. One standard drink contains approximately 14 grams of alcohol. In such a case, the BAC will return to Zero in about 1.5 to 3 hours later at a dissipation rate of around 0.015% per hour.

Intoxication is stated as using BAC and it provides a rough measure of injury. For the same BAC, the degree of repair or injury may vary for one individual to other. Most countries do not permit the operation of motor vehicles and heavy equipments above the prescribed levels of BAC. Operation of boats and aircraft are also restricted.

Blood alcohol tests assume the individual undergoing the test is average in various ways. On an average the ratio of BAC to breath alcohol content is 2100 to 1. However, the actual ratio in any given individual can vary from 1300:1 to 3100:1, or even more than mentioned.

This ratio varies not between people, but also depends on the time period and varies within a person every moment. Thus a person with a true BAC .08 with a partition ratio of 1700:1 at the time of testing would have a .10 reading on a Breathalyzer valued for the average 2100:1 ratio.

The BAC is analyzed by the breathalyzers indirectly by detailing the amount of alcohol in a person’s blood, instead of measuring directly the blood alcohol content. The similar guess is made in urine analysis also.

Law enforcement officers use portable breath-testing machines to find out whether a driver has a blood alcohol level above the legal limit. For Breathalyzer test, a breathalyzer device is used. A breathalyzer is a device that samples the breath of a suspect and uses a chemical reaction involving alcohol that produces a color change.

Inside the breathalyzer are chemicals with different colors. Potassium dichromate, K2Cr2O7, is a yellow-orange compound. When alcohol vapor makes contact with the yellow-coated crystals, the color changes from yellow to green. The degree of the color change is directly related to the level of alcohol in the suspect’s breath.

Measurements that are taken with the Breathalyzer are stated in units of percent blood-alcohol concentration (BAC). In B.C., a BAC of 0.08 % is sufficient for a DUI (Driving Under Influence) or DWI (Driving While Impaired) conviction. A blood alcohol concentration of 0.08% is equal to 0.08 grams of alcohol per 100 mL of blood.

Breathalyzers are a great tool for everyone. People are often unaware of their precise intoxication level. Different factors like a person’s weight, muscle mass and recently consumed food or beverages all affect a person’s blood alcohol content. Just because a person may act or seem sober will not mean that they are.

Call toll free 1-888-237-3445 or write to info@drugalcoholtest.com for details regarding breathalyzers.

Types of Marijuana and Cocaine Drug Detection

Marijuana and Cocaine are among the popular drugs abused in U.S. According to survey conducted by National Drug Control, more than 40% of high school students abused marijuana and more than 1.5 million high school students abused cocaine at least once in their lifetime. School children age 12 and older who abused Marijuana and Cocaine in any form are more than 25 million and 7 million respectively. So, these numbers increased the importance of drug detection of marijuana and cocaine among youngsters.

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