Self-medication actually refers to using a therapeutic drug; however, without the consent of the physician or without the prescription of the physician. The stuff to note, self-medication has crossed the limits of therapeutic usage, used for addictive and recreational purposes.
Several medications, like paracetamol and aspirin licensed for self-medication, overly abused. Similarly are medical marijuana and several psychotropic drugs with addictive potential.
The self-medication hypothesis for drug rehabilitation takes in to consideration the drugs that the addict is using by self to get a clue as to the underlying problem that leads one to abuse drugs.
A clue about why someone is resorting to a particular drug helps the physician be ware of the probable areas of vulnerability to relapse for a specific patient. Some people who entirely cut off from their feelings due to their abusive behavior rehabilitate. They reconnect to their feelings. Experience affection, aggression, closeness, and they begin to realize the bad state of health and disposition. They realize the need for going back to normal.
Different drugs have different purposes and it is seen that the kind of drugs that one uses and the reason for use, give a clear click in to the reason for abuse. Expert psychotherapists never miss on this analysis.
Responsible self-medication involves discussing with the pharmacist about the appropriateness of using a particular kind of drug; however, very few of them are discussing with their pharmacist in this regard. They get the drug dispensed and they are on their own. The numbers of those who are abusing prescription drugs like sleep drugs by bribing the pharmacists are also increasing in number.
Despite pharmacists having the professional obligation to report to concerned officials about self-medication and probable suspicion of abuse, they continue to be doing the dispensing.